We are happy to present a pre-print version of the Complex Modelling publication to be launched in early 2020. Complex Modelling is a framing project examining the infrastructures of advanced information modelling. It includes in-depth project descriptions of projects like Isoropia, Bridge Too Far, Hybrid Tower, Stressed Skins, Inflated Restraint, Lace Wall and The Rise as well as a presentation of the broad array of speculation that follow the projects in the form written essays as well as speculative probes.
The book is published by Riverside Press, to be launched in Spring 2020.
The preprint is published on Issuu: https://issuu.com/cita_copenhagen/docs/20190823_cita_complex_modellingshor_27ae721ee28ba3
The four year Complex Modelling research project investigates the infrastructures of our design models. By questioning the tools for integrating information across the expanded digital design chain, the project asks how to support feedback between different scales of design engagement moving from material design, across design, simulation and analysis to specification and fabrication. Continue reading
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Traditional thinking in architecture and engineering alike is to understand the built environment as static. Build structures resist changes in the environment through stiffness. ‘Hybrid Tower’ asks, what an architecture could be, that is soft and gives in to forces in a controlled yet way. An architecture that embraces the idea of resilience and adaptation.
‘Hybrid Tower’ is an integrated hybrid structure – made from only two components: Bend GFRP rods and custom-made CNC knit. The unique combination of these two materials creates a very light and yet stiff structure, which balances wind and other external forces through an interdependent combination of compression and tension elements. The structure is extremely light and easy to assemble, but yet strong enough to withstand a 3 month outdoor installation on the world cultural heritage side of the central square of Guimaraes/Portugal: Largo do Toural.
The tower was developed in an interdisciplinary collaboration between architects (CITA, Copenhagen) , structural- and textile-engineers (KET, Berlin, Fibrenamics, Guimaraes), material testing specialists (Duisburger…..) and the knitting company AFF (A. Ferreira & Filhos). Together they developed materials and design and fabrication processes, which allowed using knit as structural element in a previously unprecedented scale. The collaboration opens new avenues for textile as building material.
Final Demonstrator, Exhibition Complex Modelling, KADK. 02.09.16 – 11.12.16
A Bridge Too Far takes point of departure in the process of robotic incremental sheet metal forming. The research prototypes and tests methods for multi-scale modeling, for the purpose of informing other scales of design with the material implications of this fabrication process, and demonstrates their application to support bi-directional information flows in the design of a panelised, thin skinned metal structure.
Generative Cable Networks For Active Bending Structures
Lace Wall explores hybrid structures that combine elements in tension and compression. Here two elements of low stiffness – the fibreglass beam and the cable network – are combined to create one whole of high stiffness. The element is form active shaped by the interdependency between the elements that restrain each other.
CITA is exhibiting the final three demonstrators of the Complex Modelling project in a research exhibition in Copenhagen from 3. September – 11. December 2016.
The Complex Modelling research exhibition explores new design strategies for architectural construction. Digital design and fabrication and the integration of simulation into our design tools are enabling new ways of using materials and building. The research exhibition presents results from CITA’s latest research into air-inflated membranes, hybrid structures combining tension and compression based elements and into the strategic corrugation of steel plates using robotic fabrication. The exhibition presents the final three digital-material experiments that make up this research.
Complex Modelling is a Sapere Aude Advanced Research project granted by The Danish Council for Independent Research and undertaken by CITA: the Centre for IT and Architecture at KADK. It investigates the infrastructures of our design models. By questioning the tools for integrating information across the expanded digital design chain, the project asks how to support feedback between different scales of design engagement moving from material design, across design, simulation and analysis to specification and fabrication.
Danneskiold-Samsøes Allé 51
The complex modelling workshop and symposium Crossing Into Physical Realms with Collaborative & Interactive Machine Learning is a three day event exploring and discussing machine learning methods, their application within architecture and the impact of this computational paradigm will have on the ways physical artifacts and spaces are designed, fabricated and behave. The event is structured around a two-day workshop and a one day seminar drawing together key researchers form the fields of architecture, evolutionary robotics, computer science and artificial intelligence. The workshop provides an opportunity for participants to engage with machine learning in a design-led and hands-on way, and the symposium provides an opportunity to discuss, reflect and gain insight from cutting-edge research and practices engaging with machine learning.
The morning session of this first workshop day has provided a theoretical grounding in machine learning concepts, methods of problem representation (direct and in-direct), principle and hybrid paradigms (Evolutionary Computation, Artificial Neural Networks, NeuroEvolution of Augmenting Topologies (NEAT), Compositional Pattern Producing Networks (CPPN) and HyperNEAT), algorithm architecture and application realms. This was delivered by Sebastian Risi (ITU). The afternoon session was led by Robert Vierlinger (University of Applied Arts Vienna and Bollinger+Grohmann) who provided a whistlestop tour of the new Octopus plugin for Grasshopper. Workshop participants followed a series of introductory design exercises using CPPNs – warming up for the design exercise of Day 2 which will see machine learning informed designs fabricated using CNC milling…
Crossing Into Physical Realms with Collaborative & Interactive Machine Learning
is co-organised by CITA and REAL:Robotics, Evolution and Arts Lab, ITU
Stressed Skins explores how very thin, easily bent metal sheet can become a strong but lightweight structure. Architects use thin metal sheets as cladding panels to provide integrated enclosure, structure and form. Because loads vary over such a building system, performance requirements vary, and customized load-adapted panel designs could mean significant efficiencies of material use and possible reductions for supporting structural systems.
This project develops workflows and methods to support customised design and fabrication using Incremental Sheet Forming (ISF). These include the prediction of changes in material properties such as thinning and work hardening, the automated generation of load adapted rigidisation geometries, the prediction of overall structural behavior, and the automated generation of fabrication information. A specific concern is the development of adaptive mesh-based methods as a means to communicate information about design, material properties and performance across scales.
The Design Modelling Symposium Copenhagen 2015 is hosted by CITA and is the first conference, which takes place within the Complex Modelling project.
The conference on September 30th – October 2nd and the four 2-day workshops and one Master Class preceding the event, provide a unique opportunity for practitioners to gather theoretical and practical knowledge and expertise in the current state and technology for the increasingly relevant modelling practices in architecture and engineering. A focus in the workshop is to provide knowledge and tool, which are directly applicable in practice.
The workshops and Master Class are hence ran by leading researchers and practitioners from high profile companies and universities including KieranTimberlake, designtoproduction, HAL-Robotics, Bollinger-Grohmann, Berkley and Harvard University, who will share their expertise and latest developments.
We hope that you and your colleagues are taking the chance to register for the workshop and join the event. The Workshops and Master Class fee of 460 Euros includes entry to the conference. The conference only fees is 320 Euro (professional). A reduced fee is available for students.
Please find more information and the registration here