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The four year Complex Modelling research project investigates the infrastructures of our design models. By questioning the tools for integrating information across the expanded digital design chain, the project asks how to support feedback between different scales of design engagement moving from material design, across design, simulation and analysis to specification and fabrication. Continue reading

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CITA: COMPLEX MODELLING RESEARCH EXHIBITION 2016

2016_CM_RE_EINVITEv2F_blankCITA is exhibiting the final three demonstrators of the Complex Modelling project in a research exhibition in Copenhagen from 3. September – 11. December 2016.

The Complex Modelling research exhibition explores new design strategies for architectural construction. Digital design and fabrication and the integration of simulation into our design tools are enabling new ways of using materials and building. The research exhibition presents results from CITA’s latest research into air-inflated membranes, hybrid structures combining tension and compression based elements and into the strategic corrugation of steel plates using robotic fabrication. The exhibition presents the final three digital-material experiments that make up this research.

Complex Modelling is a Sapere Aude Advanced Research project granted by The Danish Council for Independent Research and undertaken by CITA: the Centre for IT and Architecture at KADK. It investigates the infrastructures of our design models. By questioning the tools for integrating information across the expanded digital design chain, the project asks how to support feedback between different scales of design engagement moving from material design, across design, simulation and analysis to specification and fabrication.

Venue:
Meldahls Smedie
Danneskiold-Samsøes Allé 51
Copenhagen

Learning (machine) Learning – Day 1

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The complex modelling workshop and symposium Crossing Into Physical Realms with Collaborative & Interactive Machine Learning is a three day event exploring and discussing machine learning methods, their application within architecture and the impact of this computational paradigm will have on the ways physical artifacts and spaces are designed, fabricated and behave. The event is structured around a two-day workshop and a one day seminar drawing together key researchers form the fields of architecture, evolutionary robotics, computer science and artificial intelligence. The workshop provides an opportunity for participants to engage with machine learning in a design-led and hands-on way, and the symposium provides an opportunity to discuss, reflect and gain insight from cutting-edge research and practices engaging with machine learning.

 

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The morning session of this first workshop day has provided a theoretical grounding in machine learning concepts, methods of problem representation (direct and in-direct), principle and hybrid paradigms (Evolutionary Computation, Artificial Neural Networks, NeuroEvolution of Augmenting Topologies (NEAT), Compositional Pattern Producing Networks (CPPN) and HyperNEAT), algorithm architecture and application realms. This was delivered by Sebastian Risi (ITU). The afternoon session was led by Robert Vierlinger (University of Applied Arts Vienna and Bollinger+Grohmann) who provided a whistlestop tour of the new Octopus plugin for Grasshopper. Workshop participants followed a series of introductory design exercises using CPPNs – warming up for the design exercise of Day 2 which will see machine learning informed designs fabricated using CNC milling…

 

Crossing Into Physical Realms with Collaborative & Interactive Machine Learning
is co-organised by CITA and REAL:Robotics, Evolution and Arts Lab, ITU

 

Exhibition In Rotterdam

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1:1 samples from three research projects will be part of the materialXperience exhibition in Amsterdam from 27.-29.th January. Hybrid Tower, Stressed Skin and Sensitive Ceramics demonstrate how material and its behavior becomes part of design through the combination of digital fabrication, simulation and Craft. The projects are simultaneously investigations into novel ways of robotic making with CNC Knitted Textiles, sheet metal and porcelain and new areas of architectural computing. Tower and Stressed Skin are part of the Sapere Aude research project Complex Modelling http://www.complexmodelling.dk/ at CITA.
More info and free tickets to the event here http://materialxperience.com/

Design Modelling Symposium Copenhagen 2015 – Workshop & Masterclass announced

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The Design Modelling Symposium Copenhagen 2015 is hosted by CITA and is the first conference, which takes place within the Complex Modelling project.

The conference on September 30th – October 2nd and the four 2-day workshops and one Master Class preceding the event, provide a unique opportunity for practitioners to gather theoretical and practical knowledge and expertise in the current state and technology for the increasingly relevant modelling practices in architecture and engineering. A focus in the workshop is to provide knowledge and tool, which are directly applicable in practice.

The workshops and Master Class are hence ran by leading researchers and practitioners from high profile companies and universities including KieranTimberlake, designtoproduction, HAL-Robotics, Bollinger-Grohmann, Berkley and Harvard University, who will share their expertise and latest developments.

We hope that you and your colleagues are taking the chance to register for the workshop and join the event. The Workshops and Master Class fee of 460 Euros includes entry to the conference. The conference only fees is 320 Euro (professional). A reduced fee is available for students.

Please find more information and the registration here

Complex Modelling – Opening reception and Evaluation event – 21. April 2015

CM-DesignMuseumThe ComplexModelling Project invites for a public evaluation event and reception. We will present two demonstrators at the Danish design Museum and discuss the ongoing project with experts and he interested public.

April 21. 2015 – Evaluation Seminar – PROGRAMME:

MORNING: PROJECT OVERVIEW AND STATUS

9:30 – 10:00           Welcome and coffee – browse around the process exhibition
10:00 – 10:30           Presentation of the full project scope and ideas
10:30 – 11:30           Presentation of sketches and projects: Tower
11:30 – 12:30           Presentation of sketches and projects: Stressed Skin
12:30 – 13:30           Lunch Break / Walk around the installations

AFTERNOON SESSION: INDIVIDUAL PRESENTATION OF THE CONSTITUENT PROJECTS

13:30 – 14:30          PhD Anders Holden Deleuran 1st year VIVA presentation
14:30 – 15:30          PhD David Stasiuk pre-final VIVA presentation
15:30 – 16:00          PhD Michel Schmeck startup presentation: aims and ambitions

 

Complex Modelling is supported by the Ministry of Higher Education and Science.  

The Social Weavers

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 The Social Weavers (2013)

The Social Weavers is a bending active, non-standard grid shell structure made from fibre composite rods of variable diameter and stiffness. The installation develops aggregate self-forming processes that intersect with the behavioural activation and distribution of fibre-composites under design direction for the production of a novel architecture.  Continue reading

Learning to be a Vault

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Learning to be a Vault (2014)

Where parametric modelling allows designers to work in flexible ways with variable geometries, the associated problems of parameterisation and reduction are well known. Parametric models are normally limited because they necessitate a pre-configuration of their embedded variables as well as a pre-determination of model topology, meaning that the designer needs to know all defining parameters and relationships between model elements at the start of the design project. “Learning to be an Arch” operates as an experiment that tests new methodologies for the modelling of design systems that challenge this standard of configuration fixity by opening parameter spaces in both variable value and element connectivity while simultaneously embedding material behaviour within morphogenesis. Continue reading

Hybrid Tower (2014)

The inventory of the Hybrid Tower

Traditional thinking in architecture and engineering alike is to understand the built environment as static, unaffected by changes in their environment. Buildings are designed for permanence and thought as stable and unchanging.

Tower explores the idea of a moving arch, a resilient structure that adapts under environmental changes.

Tower is a the result of an interdisciplinary research collaboration betweenCentre for Information Technology and Architecture (CITA) at The Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts, Schools of Architecture, Design and Conservation in Copenhagen (Denmark), the Department for Structural Design and Technology (KET), University of Arts Berlin (Germany), Fibrenamics, Universidade do Minh, Guimarães (Portugal), Essener Labor für Leichte Flächentragwerke, Universität Duisburg-Essen (Germany) and the Portuguese textile company AFF a. ferreira & filhos, sa, Caldas de Vizela.

 

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A TOWER – The resilience Tower Typology

The concept of resilience is chosen as a primary design driver in the project. Resilience is understood here as the ability to recover from or adjust to change or external stimuli. Specifically this implies being able to withstand not just self weight but live loads such as wind. The design strategy here where to develop “soft structures” where resilience was defined as the ability of a material to absorb energy when it is deformed elastically, and release that energy upon unloading. This design requirement points towards a focus on potential applicability to industry and practice.

 

The architectural typology of the tower was chosen as the design case with the aim of building a 6-10 meter tall demonstrator in the spring of 2015.

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METHODS

The ability to design for and with material performance is a core resource for design innovation closely tied to material optimization. The project introduces three scales of design engagement by which to examine material performance: the structure, the element and the material.

Tower questions the tools for integrating information across the expanded digital design chain, the project asks how to support feedback between different scales of design engagement moving from material design, across design, simulation and analysis to specification and fabrication.methods

 

STRUCTURAL CONCEPTS

Designing at three scales

MACRO: At the “macro” scale the architectural typology of a form active tower presents challenges outside of common applications of form finding such as shells and membranes which may be form found using known and tested principles such as catenary networks and minimal surfaces.

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MESO: On the “meso” scale the project explores the potential of Bending Active Tensile Membrane structures as a strategy for satisfying the goals described on the macro scale. Specifically these may be defined as bending active linear members constrained by a tension active membrane resulting in a stiff hybrid structure with a high degree of resilience..

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MICRO: At the “micro” scale the project introduces bespoke elastic knit as the tensile membrane – specially fabricated from high tenacity polyester yarn and programmed to the tower and its performance – and fibre-reinforced polymer rod as the slender bending members which are constrained by the membrane.

Textile_channels00_bwThe fabric is knitted using knit Piquet Lacoste a less elastic a more isotropic knit. The membranes are produced on a double bed knitting machine which allows the creating of channels and pocket to steer the rots position, and wholes for tension/lines and stitching the membranes together.

Detail   tension system

 

Photographer Anders Ingvartsen

GRP materials by Fibrolux GmbH

Transmissive Assemblies (2014)

Transmissive Assemblies– Basic Material research into integrating material behaviour

Paul Nicholas (CITA) with Jacob Riiber (CITA) and Antonio Scaffidi (Institute for Product Design, School of Design)
In collaboration with KADK students Shirin Zaghi and Lena Kriwanek

The installation Transmissive Assemblies concentrates upon two qualities that are particular to fibre reinforced composites: translucency in a structural element, and the ability to gain stiffness locally through forming and folding. Taking point of departure from preceding architectural experiments focused upon these qualities – exemplified by Renzo Piano’s Mobile Sulphur Extraction Facility (1965) – the project asks how a modern composite sandwich might be designed to modulate the transmission of light in a controlled manner through strategic material variation. Continue reading